The science behind tile flooring durability

The science behind tile flooring durability

One of the primary reasons homeowners gravitate towards tile flooring is its renowned durability. But have you ever wondered what makes tiles so resilient? Delving into the science behind tile flooring can offer insights into its impressive longevity and strength.

The raw materials: nature's best

The durability journey of tiles begins with their raw materials. Ceramic and porcelain tiles are derived from natural elements like clay, sand, and feldspar. These materials are inherently hard and robust. Their mineral compositions provide the foundational strength that is evident in the final product.

High-temperature firing

Once the tiles are shaped, they undergo a firing process in kilns at extremely high temperatures, often reaching upwards of 2,200°F (1,200°C). This process, known as vitrification, causes the clay to harden and solidify, resulting in a dense, hard tile. The high heat ensures that any residual moisture is expelled, reducing the tile's porosity and increasing its strength.

Glazing: added protection

Many tiles, especially those used in residential settings, are glazed—a process where a liquid glass layer is applied and then baked onto the tile's surface. This glaze not only adds aesthetic value by providing color and design but also serves as a protective layer. It enhances the tile's resistance to stains, scratches, and moisture, further amplifying its durability.

Low porosity equals high durability

One of the scientific factors contributing to tile flooring resilience is its low porosity. Due to the vitrification process, tiles become less absorbent. This means they are less susceptible to water damage, staining, or any issues that arise from liquid absorption, making them ideal for moisture-prone areas like bathrooms and kitchens.

Molecular bond strength

On a molecular level, the firing process promotes the formation of strong ionic and covalent bonds between the atoms within the tile. These bonds are incredibly tough to break, giving tile flooring its renowned resistance to cracks, chips, and breaks.

Visit our tile flooring store

The durability of tile flooring is not just a coincidence or mere marketing jargon. It's a result of meticulous science, from raw material selection to the tiles' various processes. When you invest in tile flooring, you benefit from centuries of refined scientific and artisanal expertise. Visit Cascade Flooring if you're looking for top-quality tile in St. Croix Falls, WI. We serve St. Croix Falls, Balsam Lake, Taylors Falls, Osceola, and Amery, WI, from our tile flooring store in St. Croix Falls, WI.